Andrew Jackson, Volume 3: The Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845

Robert V. Remini

Language: English

Pages: 927

ISBN: 2:00218680

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Available in paperback for the first time, these three volumes represent the definitive biography of Andrew Jackson. Volume One covers the role Jackson played in America's territorial expansion, bringing to life a complex character who has often been seen simply as a rough-hewn country general. Volume Two traces Jackson's senatorial career, his presidential campaigns, and his first administration as President. The third volume covers Jackson's reelection to the presidency and the weighty issues with which he was faced: the nullification crisis, the tragic removal of the Indians beyond the Mississippi River, the mounting violence throughout the country over slavery, and the tortuous efforts to win the annexation of Texas.

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“unconstitutional and wicked.” Moreover, Jackson’s position was correct as far as it went: the law must be obeyed. If the law is wrong it must be changed through due process; but no mob, and certainly no state authority, can change federal law. Where Jackson can be severely faulted is in his failure to enforce the law after its passage on July 2, 1836,* and in his lack of precision in pinpointing which federal authority decides the “incendiary” character of abolitionist propaganda, and then

remembered one man, “and in any company took the lead in conversation. Nobody ever seemed disposed to talk where he was.”49 People attended him to hear whatever he had to say and on any subject he had in mind. Coupled with his “take-charge” disposition was Jackson’s protective sense. Paternalistic to a fault, he treated everyone equally: as dependents, requiring his help and protection. Whether it was children, women, friends, neighbors, family, or his country—especially his country—Old Hickory

December 2, 1836, in Jackson, Correspondence, V, 440. 25. AJ to Adam Huntsman, January 2, 1837, ibid., p. 447. This is not Jackson’s usual language. It was obviously written by another, and although the copy in the Jackson papers is written in Andrew Jr.’s hand, it is more likely that Blair and/or Kendall actually authored it. 26. Silbey, “Election of 1836,” p. 598. 27. For example, see Benton, Thirty Years View, I, 735. 28. For the early history of Arkansas, see Lonnie J. White, Politics on

Albert, 195 Gales and Seaton, 40 Garrison, William Lloyd, 258 Gauthier, Henri, see Rigny, Comte de Gayle, John, 113 Gedney, Lieutenant: thwarts assassination attempt, 228 George (AJ’s manservant), 433, 484, 523 Georgia: defiance of, 1, 8–9 and Cherokees, 8, 294, 295, 296, 571 note 9 AJ’s actions toward, 9 and nullification, 42 Georgia Guard, 299 Gilmer, Thomas W., 492 Gilpin, Henry D., 122 Girard Bank, 58, 94, 109 Globe, The Washington: as AJ’s mouthpiece, 14, 40, 59, 103, 104,

is one of the very few Presidents to take such a tour. Of the Presidents who preceded him, only George Washington and James Monroe traveled around the country. After Jackson, prior to the Civil War, John Tyler took one. No others did. Yet, in the twentieth century, these presidential excursions would become standard procedure for all Presidents who wished to maintain strong ties with the electorate. Of the early tours, only Jackson’s established a warm rapport between the President and the

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