Key Concepts in Eastern Philosophy (Routledge Key Guides)
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Key Concepts in Eastern Philosophy provides an extensive glossary of the main terms and concepts used in Eastern philosophy. The book includes definitions of philosophical ideas linked to the national traditions of:
* Islamic world
including concepts from:
Each entry includes a guide for further reading and critical analysis, and is cross-referenced with associated concepts and is in easy-to-use A-Z format.
it is important to make a 27 clear distinction here between them, he claims, by contrast with the Advaitin who mixes them up. What scope is there to distinguish between the self and consciousness in this way? We have experience of a self that is different from its acts of consciousness, since the latter are always changing while the former seems to be relatively permanent. He goes on to argue that not only is the self the basis of consciousness, it is also the object of consciousness. This is
Changes of Zhou), that deals with the philosophy of change, in terms of yin and yang, and the five 45 Book of Changes powers theory of nature (metal, wood, fire, water and earth). The Book of Changes was originally a book of divination, and has become through additions and commentaries a fundamental work of Chinese cosmological and philosophical speculation. It represents a form of correlative thought that links all phenomena together in a universal dynamic pattern of symbolic correspondences.
think of as consciousness is merely an effect of it, though, and the T that lies at the basis of experience is in itself beyond apprehension. On the Advaita approach, this brahman or atman is the basic self of everything, and is the same for everything. As a result of ignorance, we tend to identify the self with objects in the world of matter, and we do not appreciate how distinct the real self is. It is easy for us to think that the empirical self which we can observe through and in our
of reason over our lives. We progressively liberate ourselves in so far as we concentrate on the spiritual and abstract aspects of our lives, and remove ourselves from our material needs and desires. Further reading: Chan 1972, Creel 1953, Fakhry 1983, 1997, Karmay 1988, Ling 1981, 1997. existence A doctrine of existence is an important part of any theory that describes a particular notion of reality. Materialist theories tend to accept that the everyday objects of the world really exist, albeit
emphasize Shintoism at the expense 152 ;iu of the rest. Each of the major systems of thought which had c o m e from China and Korea, and of course in the case of Buddhism originally from India, had supporters and antagonists, and during different political circumstances there came to be arguments between the different philosophical schools over their comparative value. It is often argued that one of the characteristic features of Japanese philosophy is that it is firmly connected with the