The Civil War: The Final Year Told By Those Who Lived It (Library of America, Volume 250)

Language: English

Pages: 744

ISBN: 1598532944

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Additional contributors: John H. Stringfellow, Henry Highland Garnet, Emma LeConte, Luther Rice Mills, Frederick Douglass, Charles Sumner, Frances Johnson, Clarissa Burdett, Sallie Brock, William Gordon McCabe, Thomas Morris Chester, Elizabeth Keckly, Sarah Morgan, Jefferson Davis, Stephen Minot Weld, Gordon Granger

This final installment of the highly acclaimed four-volume series traces events from March 1864 to June 1865. It provides an incomparable portrait of a nation at war with itself, while illuminating the military and political events that brought the Union to final victory, and slavery and secession to their ultimate destruction. Here are more than 150 letters, diary entries, memoir excerpts, speeches, articles, messages, and poems by over a hundred participants and observers, both famous and unsung, including Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Robert E. Lee, Frederick Douglass, Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, Harriet Jacobs, Henry Adams, Elizabeth Keckly, and George Templeton Strong, as well as Union and Confederate soldiers; women diarists from North and South; and freed slaves. The selections include vivid and haunting firsthand accounts of legendary battles and campaigns— the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, the Atlanta campaign, the Crater, Franklin, Sherman’s march through Georgia and the Carolinas—as well as of the desperate conditions inside Andersonville prison; the sinking of the Confederate raider Alabama; the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment; and the struggles of both black and white civilians to survive the harsh and violent downfall of the Confederacy.

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welfare and prosperity of all the States, both northern and southern. Resolved, That this convention does explicitly declare, as the sense of the American people, that after four years of failure to restore the Union by the experiment of war, during which, under the pretence of a military necessity, or war power higher than the Constitution, the Constitution itself has been disregarded in every part, and public liberty and private right alike trodden down and the material prosperity of the

benefit of the prisoners. This place has been so often described, that it would be unnecessary to weary the reader again. The Castle is empty at present, and is in charge of Capt. Mattison, 81st New York Volunteers, who, by the way, is a very accommodating officer. The Hotel de Libby is now doing a rushing business in the way of accommodating a class of persons who have not heretofore patronized that establishment. It is being rapidly filled with rebel soldiers, detectives, spies, robbers, and

commanded the division from July 1863 to March 1864. He was succeeded by Brigadier General Joseph B. Carr (1828–1895), who held the position for a little more than a month owing to procedural difficulties with his promotion to brigadier general. 74.29–30 breaking up of the Third Corps] The First and Third Corps were broken up in March 1864 when the Army of the Potomac was reorganized into three infantry corps. 74.32–33 reduced to a brigade . . . Battle of Hatcher’s Run] On May 13 the two

escaped capture and was mustered out on July 27, 1864. He later served as governor of Vermont, 1884–86. 219.37 Major F] Major Charles K. Fleming (1831–1919) was captured on June 23, 1864, and held in a military prison in Columbia, South Carolina, before being paroled on February 28, 1865. 220.5 two hundred and seventy-five prisoners] A total of 407 officers and enlisted men from the Vermont Brigade were captured on June 23, 1864, including 267 men from the 11th Vermont Infantry and 140 from

line, perhaps a hundred yards beyond it, and parallel with it. There were troops in the outer line, but in the inner one only what appeared to be masses without organization. The enemy were firing in front of the extreme right of the brigade, and their balls came obliquely down our line; but we could not discover, on account of the woods about the point of firing, under what circumstances the battle was held. There was a good deal of doubt as to how far we should go, or in what direction. At

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